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In these types of scams that lack context the scammer either fails to say where they are contacting you from or what company or organization they are associated with, by what means the payment is to be made, or from whom or why you are supposed to be the recipient of these so-called funds.
Cases where there are certain elements missing from the scam email format it leaves them without the possibility of being placed into one of the specific scam email categories on this website. In these instances the only thing we can ascertain is that the scam email is a typical advance-fee fraud scam and thus we simply refer to them as “mystery scams”.
These types of scams are in effect no different than a typical advance-fee fraud email scam, however, in most typical advance-fee scam cases the scammer will at least claim they are making contact on behalf of a bank, a government entity, a law firm, or a company wanting to do business with you, but these don't. These type of scam emails often contain only a declared amount of money slated for payment and in return there is a request for a smaller amount of money to be paid upfront to the scammer in order to receive the much larger sum of funds.
Sometimes the scammers may also list a number of government agencies, saying that certain agencies have already approved the subject payment of funds to you, but still often no clear reason is given for being due the payment, nor does the scammer claim to be affiliated with any of the agencies mentioned in the scam email.
In all cases though these scams involve a type of fraudulent criminal practice known as “Advance Fee Fraud”, a.k.a. “419 Scams”. If you are not yet familiar with these two terms then the following article on Wikipedia can help you to understand more about how most of these types of scams operate: Wikipedia Link